Contemplation and Consideration Essay.

Contemplation and Consideration Essay.


Assignment Instructions

Instructions: Please carefully read the following assignment details in its entirety. There are many components to this particular assignment, and each component is graded.Contemplation and Consideration Essay.


This essay should be between 900 and 1000 words, excluding the required annotated bibliography.The Toulmin essay will help you practice what you have learned so far in this course. First, you will choose a topic of interest. Make sure that you choose a public debate with clear sides and staked. Then, you need to research that debate in order to narrow the topic’s scope, so it can be easily discussed in 1000 word essay. For example, you may be interested in learning more about traffic issues in the United States.Contemplation and Consideration Essay. However, that topic is too large to cover in a 1000 word essay. After researching peer reviewed articles that discuss US traffic issues in general, you may discover that the metro system in the District of Columbia is underfunded and underutilized.  Through your research, you found that you could make a claim that more funds should be made available in order to upgrade the metro system, which would improve traffic issues in the District of Columbia. This would make for a stronger, specific argument. Attached below is a PDF on sides and stakes that can help with this process.Contemplation and Consideration Essay.

This should be a thesis-driven essay, and it should be in the third person. This essay must include a minimum of five sources.  Three should be peer-reviewed sources, preferably from the APUS databases. From the library welcome page, click on Advanced Search at the bottom of the page and then check the \”peer reviewed\” sources box filter.Contemplation and Consideration Essay.

This video will hopefully clarify the term, \”peer-reviewed\”.  You may use eBooks; however, as discussed in your textbook, books generally are not as current as peer-reviewed articles.  You may also use primary sources (interviews, statistics, etc); however, these primary sources should be obtained from experts within that field.  If you cannot find strong sources for your chosen topic, then change your topic. If you have a question about the validity of a source, please email me, or post your question to the open forum. Contemplation and Consideration Essay.

Note: Consider your audience as laymen in the field with only general knowledge of your topic. Make sure to include the following sections in your essay:an introduction and claim,background,body,and a conclusion.Within the body of your essay, make sure to include the following in any order:support for your claim,opposing or alternate views,the strengths and weaknesses of your opponents\’ claims,and your rebuttals of their claims. After you have written your essay, please make sure to revise the content of your essay.Contemplation and Consideration Essay. Lastly, be sure to edit your essay by checking grammar, format, and smaller technical details. Please make sure your essay is written in third person.The Annotated BibliographyAn annotated Bibliography (AB) is due with your Toulmin essay. Using the MLA guide, list each source as it will appear on the Works Cited page of your essay. Summarize each source in two or three grammatically-correct  sentences, and indicate how it will be useful to your project. These short discussions are the \”annotations.\”Contemplation and Consideration Essay.

The following is a sample of an annotated bibliography entry

Clark, Irene L. The Genre of Argument. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace, 1998. Print.Clark\’s textbook identifies the major steps to developing a well-researched and well-written argumentative essay. It is older, but still contains much useful material on process. Professional essays are included in the text as models. It will help me mostly with writing and organization, since internet research has changed since 1998.Contemplation and Consideration Essay.

Contemplation and Consideration

The personal ethical philosophy is that circumstances determine what is right and wrong. Irrespective of harm caused to self or others, an action is considered as either right or wrong based on the circumstances. For instance, if a student picks lost money at the school gate and just happens to lack money for lunch, then the personal ethical philosophy would have the student use the money for lunch since the money was not stolen, has been considered lost by the owner, and is useful for getting lunch.Contemplation and Consideration Essay. This philosophy is based on the cultural relativism theory. This theory determines right and wrong based on rules and principles particular to the prevailing culture. The theory would perceive the actions of the student as right since the money was not stolen and was instead picked up. Whichever way the student decides to use the money is morally justifiable as the owner was careless enough to lose the money and the student does not have a moral obligation to return the picked money to an unknown owner (Birsch, 2014).Contemplation and Consideration Essay. Applying the personal ethical philosophy to John Doe’s case shows that continuing to use the ‘Cloak’ application is the right thing to do. That is because the application is available to use. John is simply continuing with the actions of others and doing what he and others who use the application consider right. He does not have to subscribe to the same moral code as the Internet Service Provider and Publishers. Besides that, John is of low socio-economic status and does not have the financial means to purchase the books. Failing to use the ‘Cloak’ application would cause him to be unable to access and use the books. While the personal ethical philosophy and cultural relativism accept John’s actions as moral, Social Contract (contractarianism) theory would consider them immoral. Social Contracttheory defines right and wrong in terms justice as accepted by the society. The ‘Cloak’ application subverts the justice by offering free access to books when the publisher expects to be paid. Using the application causes John to infringe on the rights of others (Birsch, 2014). Contemplation and Consideration Essay.



A ranging debate has been undergoing for the best methodology to take care of the vulnerable children, most of whom their parental setting has been disrupted in one way or the other. As such, foster care for these children has been coupled with a number of challenges igniting the debate more on the best way to cater for these vulnerable population. Contemplation and Consideration Essay.Most children who are subjected to foster care are either morally deteriorated, emotionally affected and most of the times experiencing behavioraldifficulties or developmental issues(Leloux-Opmeer, et al., 2016). These aspects thus place these minors in a position that they can not function fully as those in a proper family setting, therefore, requiring care either in a group home, care by a foster parent or under a family member who is recognized and authorized by state for the care duties (Barnett et al., 2018). This essay will focus on the challenges experienced within the foster care settings in theBostonregion.Contemplation and Consideration Essay.


The state of Massachusetts is one of the states in the US that have a high number of children under the foster care. This emanates from high number of divorce cases recorded over the years, as well as family breakups due to opioid abuse.Contemplation and Consideration Essay. The highest number of such foster care settings within the Massachusetts are concentrated within the Boston region where group homes and foster parenting is common. Amid recording the high number of foster care services, the state and other children departmental authorities have been facing the challenges that emanate from smooth running of the institutions, foster parenting, as well as kinship setting to facilitate the foster care(Humphrey et al., 2006). On the other hand, the institutions (In this case the group homes), foster parents and kinship also face challenges in their day-to-day care of this vulnerable population(Barnett et al., 2018). Contemplation and Consideration Essay.Furthermore, the children under the foster care do also face a range of challenges and also carry a fair share of the experiences that go along with the general foster care services. Family court and other authorized protection agencies are the ones who have been bestowed with the coordination and overall management of the foster care services(Radina,2016).Contemplation and Consideration Essay.

Foster Care Challenges Within the BostonRegion

Boston has a large population of children that require foster care and thus it is a suitable case to focus on the challenges that foster care services face in this region.

  1. The State and Local Authorities

The state government plays a vital role when it comes to foster care services. Together with other government departments, the state offers a framework and policies that direct and govern the foster care services in areas such as group home management, foster parenting processes, as well as qualification and eligibility of kinship.Contemplation and Consideration Essay. As such, the family court regularly gives guidelines on general foster care including the regulations and rules that govern the sector. On the other hand, the Department of Children and Family Services (DCF) is involved with the foster parent recruitment,as well as establishing the emergency foster homes(Humphrey et al., 2006). The challenges faced by the state and other departments includes lack of enough staff to handle the overwhelming cases, shortage in funding for foster parent upkeep and group home sponsorship, as well as operational financing. In Boston region in particular, there has also been shortage of foster parents willing to take up the needy children, a situation which has challenged both the state and the Department of Children and Family Services (DCF).Contemplation and Consideration Essay.

  1. Foster Parents, Group Homes and Kinship Parenting

Children under the foster care are placed within three settings which include the foster parents, group homes and kinship parenting. All these three settings have experienced difficulties at individual level. For the group homes, they are supposed to host the children in mass and are particularly under the watch of the DCF (Radina,2016). However, issues of overpopulation, underfunding, complexity in establishment laws, unplanned children shift and legal suits are a common challenge with group homes around the Boston region(Humphrey et al., 2006).Contemplation and Consideration Essay. In 2019, the challenge of understaffing saw nearly 30% of children within the group homes in Boston being shifted more than twice within the year. For foster parents and kinship, the biggest challenge is the complexity and strictness of the law which discourages even the willing and able families to take up the children. The upkeep fee payment delay has also discouraged many families within Boston to engage in foster care due to frequent frustrations from the authorities(Barnett et al., 2018). Family relationship disconnection is also another challenge that has led to many kinship and foster parenting being avoided due to bad blood between the parents and the children being taken care of(Leloux-Opmeer, et al., 2016).Contemplation and Consideration Essay.

  1. The Children

Those children under the foster care are the epicenter of all the experienced challenges as they fall at the bottom-line of the foster care sector. First, most of the children under the foster care are placed within the care at a very tender age and such they experience a lot of challenges in adopting to the new environment, and psychological effects of the past environment, which exposes them to behavioral situations such as sexual abuse, violence, as well as substance abuse (Leloux-Opmeer, et al., 2016).Contemplation and Consideration Essay. Disturbance during shifts, as well as challenges of accessing proper education and decent healthcare are also some difficulties that these children experience within the foster care settings. Increased cases of abuse, especially by foster parents and kinship parents are also a common challenge experienced by the children under the foster care. Stigmatization from former families is also a challenge within the Boston’s foster care sector.Contemplation and Consideration Essay.

Initiatives to Curb These Challenges

There have been several initiatives within the Boston region in connection with curbing the challenges that the foster care has been experiencing. On the management of the whole foster care exercise, the state government together with the DCF Boston region have collaborated with several agencies such as the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (MSPCC) in coming up with proper policies that guide the processes and management when it comes to foster care (Humphrey et al., 2006). Development of several laws for guiding the process such as ‘the Foster Parent Bill of Rights (HD 1702)and HD 2127: “An Act regarding Background Checks on Foster Parents” has also seen improvements in foster parents roles, as well as background checks for those assuming the foster care for children in the Massachusetts state (Mignon, 2016). Lobbying for more funding in the DCF regional department has also taken center stage with several NGOs coming on the rescue to assist in the foster care management.Contemplation and Consideration Essay.


Foster care services are delicate as they involve one of the vulnerable groups within the societal setting. As such, this sector is expected to experience a couple of challenges as it has been witnessed by the sector within the Boston region. With increasing number of children that require foster care, the Massachusetts state authorities must expedite on dealing with the route cause, especially on curbing the opioid abuse and family breakups which will eventually reduce the vulnerability of children within such settings whom most of the times end up in foster care.Contemplation and Consideration Essay.

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