Media Development Assignment Paper

Media Development Assignment Paper

media development
Major developments in media history and the arrival of new technologies Discuss this impact (on social life and political ideas) with cases/examples.Media Development Assignment Paper

First Paragraph: Introduction
Second Paragraph: The development of print and newspaper
Third Paragraph: The development of radio
Fourth Paragraph: The development of broadcasting
Fifth Paragraph: The development of internet
Last Paragraph: Conclusion






Define how they impact the social life and political ideas by given at least one example in each paragraph. Media Development Assignment Paper

International donors and other organizations often include support for media development as part of their overall support to international economic and democratic development. Typical efforts to develop independent media development include: journalist training and education; support for and advice on improving the legal and business environment for media; efforts to improve the sustainability of existing outlets; media literacy training; digital mediatraining and integration; infrastructure development; and monitoring and evaluation efforts.Media Development Assignment Paper

Indicators for Media Development[edit]

UNESCO Media Development Indicators[edit]

UNESCO developed Media Development Indicators in 2008 as a framework for international media development.[1]

Indicators are within five categories:Media Development Assignment Paper

  • A system of regulation conducive to freedom of expression, pluralism and diversity of the media
  • Plurality and diversity of media, a level economic playing field and transparency of ownership
  • Media as a platform for democratic discourse
  • Professional capacity building and supporting institutions that underpins freedom of expression, pluralism and diversity
  • Infrastructural capacity is sufficient to support independent and pluralistic media

The indicators were used for a pilot international survey in 2011 in which 28 countries participated, focused on regulation and supply Media Development Assignment Paper

Media Sustainability Index[edit]

The International Research and Exchanges Board’s (IREX) Media Sustainability Index (MSI) is another widely used tool to evaluate the global development of independent media. The MSI is one of the most important indices “to assess how media systems change over time and across borders.”

The MSI uses five fundamental objectives to assess to what extent a media system is independent, sustainable and successful. The five objectives are:Media Development Assignment Paper

  • “Legal and social norms protect and promote free speech and access to public information.
  • Journalism meets professional standards of quality.
  • Multiple news sources provide citizens with reliable, objective news.
  • Media are well-managed enterprises, allowing editorial independence.
  • Supporting institutions function in the professional interests of independent media”.Media Development Assignment Paper

Media development vs. media for development[edit]

Some development organizations and experts make a distinction between media development and media for development. Support for “Media development” refers to efforts to directly improve the media in a society (through the means mentioned above). “Media for development” refers to using existing media to convey messages about specific development issues. Such efforts include many ICT for Development (ICT4D) projects. Media for Development has been applied to education, healthcare, business, disaster relief, corruption, minority empowerment, and local community engagement, among other development goals.Media Development Assignment Paper

Media development organizations[edit]

While development of the media sector is a common activity of many development organizations, there are a small number that engage in direct media development as their primary purpose. In the U.S., the three main media development implementers are Internews, the International Center for Journalists, and IREX.Media Development Assignment Paper

United States-based groups involved in direct media development[edit]

Institute for War and Peace Reporting[edit]

The Institute for War and Peace Reporting is an international media development charity, established in 1991. IWPR supports local reporters, citizen journalists and civil society activists in countries in conflict, crisis and transition around the world. It trains, mentors and provides platforms for professional and citizen reporters; builds up the institutional capacity of media and civic groups; and works with partners to remove barriers to free expression, robust public debate and citizen engagement. IWPR operates major programmes in Afghanistan, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Iraq, the Balkans, Congo DRC, Tunisia and Uganda.Media Development Assignment Paper


Internews is an international media development organization whose mission is to empower local media worldwide to give people the news and information they need, the ability to connect, and the means to make their voices heard.Media Development Assignment Paper

Internews has worked in over 70 countries and trained over 80,000 people in media skills. Together with local partners, Internews activities include establishing and supporting media outlets, journalist associations, and broadcast networks. Internews also has special programs to improve reporting on the environment, humanitarian crises, public health and women’s issues.

Formed in 1982, Internews Network is a 501(c)(3) organization headquartered in California. The organization currently works in Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and North America Media Development Assignment Paper



The International Center for Journalists is a non-profit, professional organization located in Washington, D.C., that promotes quality journalism worldwide in the belief that independent, vigorous media are crucial in improving the human condition. Since 1984, the International Center for Journalists has worked directly with more than 55,000 journalists from 176 countries. Aiming to raise the standards of journalism, ICFJ offers hands-on training, workshops, seminars, fellowships and international exchanges to reporters and media managers around the globe.[4]Media Development Assignment Paper

ICFJ operates the Knight International Journalism Fellowships program, which sends media professionals from around the world to developing nations to improve the media there.[5]

ICFJ also operates the International Journalists’ Network (IJNet), which serves as an online resource for journalists around the world to communicate with one another and improve their own journalism standards and practices Media Development Assignment Paper


International Research & Exchanges Board (IREX) is an international nonprofit organization providing leadership and innovative programs to improve the quality of education, strengthen independent media, and foster pluralistic civil society development. IREX designs education programs and provides consulting that support lifelong learning. Programs focus on primary and secondary levels, through higher education, and continuing into professional training Media Development Assignment Paper

IREX also publishes the Media Sustainability Index (MSI), which provides in-depth analyses of the conditions for independent media in 76 countries across Africa, Europe, Eurasia, and the Middle East.[8]

Media Development Investment Fund[edit]

Media Development Investment Fund (MDIF), formerly Media Development Loan Fund, is a New York-registered 501(c)(3) nonprofit corporation and mission-driven investment fund that provides low-cost financing to independent news outlets in countries with a history of media oppression. Through low-cost capital (mainly loans), business training and other advice and support, it aims to help news outlets committed to responsible journalism become commercially sustainable, believing that only financially independent news media can stay editorially independent over the long term.Media Development Assignment Paper

In 1998 MDIF also founded CAMP (Centre for Advanced Media-Prague)which provided technology support to independent media in developing countries. In 2010, MDIF spun off CAMP as an independent organization, Sourcefabric, whose mission is to provide independent media outlets with the open source software, tools and support they need to produce the news. In 2013 Media Development Loan Fund changed its name to Media Development Investment Fund.Media Development Assignment Paper

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